Unintended consequences In a complex system, every purposeful action produces unintended consequences

In a complex system, unintended consequences (sometimes called unanticipated consequences or unforeseen consequences) are outcomes that are not the ones foreseen and intended by a purposeful action. Every new invention changes the world — in ways both intentional and unexpected. Historian Edward Tenner tells stories that illustrate the under-appreciated gap between our ability to innovate … Continue reading Unintended consequences In a complex system, every purposeful action produces unintended consequences